Hermitage - Hermitage #11 (Summer 2008)
Editorial Board Mikhail Piotrovsky (chairman),
sound and vision
On the cover of this issue devoted to music is Man Ray’s iconic photograph. For the Hermitage, it is not simply a masterpiece but brings to mind one of our most significant muscical events — when Paganini’s violin was brought to the museum from Genoa. As an example of the unique way in which the museum synthesizes the arts, Sergey Stadler played the great musician’s instrument while a model sat reproducing the pose seen in Man Ray’s photograph. The Hermitage is indissolubly connected with music. Its theatre has existed since the time of Catherine the Great and its stage regularly hosts concerts and operas — some of which are created especially for the theatre. The museum also has its own orchestra led by Saulius Sondeckis, its various music festivals, and an ongoing program of musical events in the galleries. It is even possible to say that a certain concept of the musical life of the museum has been created that is distinct from simply presenting concerts within the museum walls. The muses in the niches of the Hermitage theatre should be pleased. The MUSEUM and MUSIC live together as semantics dictates. Music is also heard in the exhibits of the museum itself. Once I spent some hours in the galleries with Sir Paul McCartney and we spoke, in particular, about which guitars and mandolins, held in the hands of the subjects of Picasso’s pictures, were being played and which were not. There is also Caravaggio’s celebrated Lute Player. The sheet-music lying on the table in front of the young man allowed us to reproduce the music he is playing. Actually, even his gender was determined due to the character of the music set before him. The Hermitage and its Italian colleagues even went a step further during one event held in the galleries. While the reconstructed music from the painting was being played, the air was filled with the scents of the fruit and flowers seen in the picture. An interesting pastime for the thoughful museum visitor is to imagine which music matches the work of Rembrandt, Rubens, and Leonardo. The musicians who participate in our festivals offer their own various interpretations. To which music do the figures in Matisse’s Dance move? It is probably not the same as that which is being played in the artists’ Music. Or is it? And could this, perhaps, provide the theme for yet another festival...
Derk Sauer, Geraldine Norman, Michael Maltzoff (founder)
Executive Editor Christopher Gordon Deputy Editor Alexey Moskin Editor Natalia Smirnova, Michael Board Assistant Editor Zoya Necheporenko Translators Philip Parker, Evgenia Desnitskaya Art Director Olga Begak Proofreader Valerie Engler
Special thanks to Elena Getmanskaya, Larisa Korabelnikova, Olga Krivoshapko, Olga Plakhotnaya, Oksana Tokranova, Andrey Smirnov, Iwona Pacholec, Svetlana Dobrynina, Neil Smith, Christopher Wood, Megan Patty, Justin Schooneman, Olga Plakhotnaya, Oksana Tokranova, Simon Greenburg, Eva Presenhuber, Joshua Smelser, Robert Sherman, Brook Ellis, Aaron Butler, Marcella Bona, Claude Olivier-Marti, Phillip Capper, William Spaetzel, Karen Kilimnik.
Hermitage magazine typefaces
Ilya Ruderman, exclusively for Hermitage Magazine © 2006 Founding Company The State Hermitage Museum Publishing Company OOO ‘Neva Media’ CEO Derk Sauer General Director Tatiana Turikova Project Coordinator Elina Kunikeeva Production Manager Alla Kalinovskaya Advertising Manager Yana Ermakova, Oxana Bogomazova Marketing and public relations Maria Berntseva Financial Manager Anna Kuzmina
Image Copyrights p. 3 Bonhams, Alexandra Kremer-Khomassouridze;
p.4 Bill Viola; p. 6 Montblanc, Georges Fessy; p. 7 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn; p. 8 Gehry Partners LLP; p.9 John Offenbach, Hélène Binet, Deborah Bullen; pp. 10-11 State Hermitage; pp. 14-15 VitaliV; pp. 16-21 pARTner project Group; pp. 22-24 Piotr Bujnowicz/Fabryka Obrazu; pp. 26-27 State Hermitage; pp. 28-29 Yale Center for British Art; p. 31 Christopher Wood Gallery; p. 32 The Maas Gallery; p. 33 National Gallery of Victoria; p. 34 Mariinsky theatre; p. 35 State Hermitage; Natasha Razina; pp. 37-38 Alexandra KremerKhomassouridze; p. 41 Karen Kilimnik; pp. 42-45 State Hermitage; pp. 46-49 State Hermitage; p. 52 Library of Congress; p. 54 State Russian Museum; p. 55 RIA Novosti; p. 57 Silvia Lelli; pp. 68-69 Horacio Garcia Rossi; p. 70 Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; p. 71 Erwin Wurm; p. 72 Cy Twombly; p. 73 Grayson Perry, Olafur Eliasson; p. 74 Theo Eshetu; p. 75 Andreas Gursky Hermitage is part of Independent Media Sanoma Magazines
Published quarterly. Circulation 25,000. Printing: Cvetprint Ltd. «Государственный Эрмитаж»: свидетельство ПИ № ФC77-22127 выдано 24.10.2005 Федеральной службой по надзору за соблюдением законодательства в сфере массовых коммуникаций и охране культурного наследия. Издается четыре раза в год. Federal service for the Supervision of the Observance of Legislation in the Sphere of Mass Communications and Safeguarding of Cultural Heritage, registration:
PI N FS-77-25064
of July 20, 2006. Address: 4 St. Isaac’s Sq., St. Petersburg, Russia 190000 Tel./fax+7(812)325 6080 International mailing address: P.O. Box 8, SF-53501, Lappeenranta, Finland E-mail: email@example.com Copyright © 2008. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is strictly prohibited. Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders. The publishers apologize for any omissions, which they will be pleased to rectify at the earliest opportunity. The views expressed in this magazine are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the editors.
Mikhail Piotrovsky, Director of the State Hermitage Museum